MIL-882 standard practice addresses an approach (a standard practice normally identified as system safety) useful in the management of environmental, safety, and health mishap risks encountered in the development, test, production, use, and disposal of DoD systems, subsystems, equipment, and facilities. The objective of system safety is to achieve acceptable mishap risk through a systematic approach of hazard analysis, risk assessment, and risk management. This document delineates the minimum mandatory requirements for an acceptable system safety program for any DoD system. When MIL-STD-882 is required in a solicitation or contract, but no specific references are included, then only the requirements in this section are applicable.
System safety requirements consist of the following:
1. Documentation of the system safety approach: Document the developer's and program manager's approved system safety engineering approach.
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2. Identification of hazards: Identify hazards through a systematic hazard analysis process encompassing detailed analysis of system hardware and software, the environment (in which the system will exist), and the intended use or application. Consider and use historical hazard and mishap data, including lessons learned from other systems. Identification of hazards is a responsibility of all program members. During hazard identification, consider hazards that could occur over the system life cycle.
3. Assessment of mishap risk. Assess the severity and probability of the mishap risk associated with each identified hazard, i.e., determine the potential negative impact of the hazard on personnel, facilities, equipment, operations, the public, and the environment, as well as on the system itself. The tables in Appendix A are to be used unless otherwise specified.
4. Identification of mishap risk mitigation measures. Identify potential mishap risk mitigation alternatives and the expected effectiveness of each alternative or method. Mishap risk mitigation is an iterative process that culminates when the residual mishap risk has been reduced to a level acceptable to the appropriate authority.
5. Reduction of mishap risk to an acceptable level. Reduce the mishap risk through a mitigation approach mutually agreed to by both the developer and the program manager. Communicate residual mishap risk and hazards to the associated test effort for verification.
6. Verification of mishap risk reduction. Verify the mishap risk reduction and mitigation through appropriate analysis, testing, or inspection. Document the determined residual mishap risk. Report all new hazards identified during testing to the program manager and the developer.
7. Review of hazards and acceptance of residual mishap risk by the appropriate authority. Notify the program manager of identified hazards and residual mishap risk. The program manager shall ensure that remaining hazards and residual mishap risk are reviewed and accepted by the appropriate risk acceptance authority.
8. Tracking of hazards, their closures, and residual mishap risk. Track hazards, their closure actions, and the residual mishap risk. Maintain a tracking system that includes hazards, their closure actions, and residual mishap risk throughout the system life cycle. The program manager shall keep the system user advised of the hazards and residual mishap risk.
RAM Commander Safety assessment module performing tasks required by safety standards like SAE ARP 4761, MIL-STD-882 and others. FHA, PHA, SSA, SHA, O&SHA analysis. Integrated with Product Tree, FMECA and FTA modules.
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